Intestinal Obstruction: The Importance of Proper Examination and History Taking
Intestinal obstruction occurs when food and stool are not able to move freely along the gut. There are many possible reasons for intestinal obstruction including hernias, tumours, abdominal adhesions, volvulus (intestine twists around itself) and foreign objects.
Intestinal obstruction is a common problem with a high mortality rate unless treated…
27 Jul 2022
Increasing Awareness of the Role of GnRH Pre-Treatment for Fibroids
Fibroids are benign tumours or growths of the uterus (myomas or leiomyomas) which are very common in women of reproductive age and tend to reduce in size after the menopause. They usually do not require treatment unless they cause symptoms. Symptoms of fibroids include prolonged heavy periods, abdominal distention, lower…
30 Jun 2022
Beta-Human Chorionic Gonadotropin Levels and its Role in Ectopic Pregnancy Diagnosis
An ectopic pregnancy is when a fertilised egg implants and grows outside the main cavity of the uterus, usually in one of the fallopian tubes. Unfortunately, the pregnancy cannot be saved and can cause significant health risks to the mother. Where not detected promptly, this can lead to severe harm,…
18 May 2022
Reducing Risks Associated with Cholecystectomies
A cholecystectomy is a relatively common surgery to remove the gallbladder often as a treatment for symptomatic gallstones. Left untreated, these gallstones can block the flow of bile and can cause problems such as acute cholecystitis or acute pancreatitis. Like with any operation, a cholecystectomy does have risks, in particular,…
04 Jan 2022
The Importance of Early Action in Sepsis Management with Paediatrics
Sepsis can lead to a range of complications. Most critically, it is commonly fatal, particularly if the diagnosis is delayed, or in patients with other significant health problems. Early recognition and interventions as above will give patients the best chance of survival.
22 Sep 2021
The Importance of Cautious Monitoring of the Fluid Balance in Patients with Acute Kidney Injury
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is now the preferred term for what used to be called “acute renal failure”. It is defined by an acute change in kidney function determined either by changes in the serum creatinine or reduction in the urine output into the oliguria range.
08 Sep 2021
It is imperative that if hyponatraemia is suspected or diagnosed that clinicians provide appropriate care by arranging appropriate investigations, arranging a referral to an appropriate specialist such as an endocrinologist and/or admitting the patient to hospital for treatment.
24 Aug 2021
Undertaking Caudal Epidural in Patients on Rivaroxaban
Caudal epidural injections run the risks of infection, bleeding, nerve injury and intraspinal injection. These risks are higher when patients are on antiplatelet agents and Rivaroxaban, and such should be considered with the patient during the consenting process.
04 Aug 2021
Total Knee Replacement and its Alternatives
Total Knee Replacements (TKR) are a surgical procedure whereby an artificial joint/prosthesis replaces a damaged knee joint. It is important for all conservative measures to be exhausted before proceeding to this due to the likelihood of postoperative pain.
28 Jul 2021